Time in Vietnamese

Content

In this chapter, you will learn how to tell the time in Vietnamese.

I. Hour systems

There are two systems in Vietnam: 12-hour system and 24-hour system.

If you use 12-hour system, it’s necessary to add sáng (a.m) and chiều (p.m) after saying the hour.

If you use 24-hour system, it’ll be 13, 14,… from noon.

You can follow this formula: hour (number) + “giờ” + minute (number) + “phút”

For xample:

  • 8:45 = 8 giờ 45 phút
  • 17:27 = 17 giờ 27 phút

II. How to ask time in Vietnamese

There are a few ways to ask what time it is.

What time is it?

  • Bây giờ là mấy giờ?
  • Mấy giờ rồi?

Answers:

III. How to say time in Vietnamese

1. Approximately

You can use “hours + giờ hơn” when you do not want to say exactly.

For example: 6 giờ hơn: it’s about 6.

2. Exact time

When you need to say an exact time, you can follow this formula:

hour (number) + “giờ” + minute (number) + “phút”

For example: 9 giờ 12 phút: 9:12

If the number of minutes is 5, 10, or even you don’t need to say “phút” and people still understand.

For example:

  • 9 giờ 10 sáng: 9:10 am
  • 6 giờ 15 chiều: 6:15 pm

3. Half:

To say, for example, 10:30, we add “rưỡi” after 10.

10 giờ rưỡi: 10:30

4. To

From 31 to 69 minutes, we can use “kém” as “to”

  • 6 giờ 45 = 7 giờ kém 15 (6:45): It’s quarter to seven.
  • 10 giờ 55 = 11 giờ kém 5: It’s five to eleven.